times, Need more criteria? Description: This is a multi-stemmed dwarf fan palm from southern China. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). This plant is another fan type of palm that can be grown indoors. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Ultimate height The light that comes through a window is ideal if it is a northern or a southern facing window. These palm trees grow up to 100 feet tall and have lifespans of up to 100 years. Regular watering in the summer helps to encourage growth. Dwarf palmetto palm has large fan-shaped leaves, short fat trunk, and smooth branches. see more; Family Arecaceae . It is also the only palm native to Europe. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. It can be stemless or multi-trunked (with up to 8 trunks) as it usually suckers from the base of the main trunk. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected As its name suggests, this is a small species of palm, and it doesn’t usually grow taller than 3 ft. (1 m). Give the palm a spot in the garden that gets full sun or partial shade. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano' is variable in the actual size and form of the leaves and, especially, the degree of silver on the leaf underside. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Origin: It is native to Mediterranean region of Europe. There is normally no need to water Chamaerops palms during the winter, only make sure the root ball does not dry out. Once an extensive root system has been established, European fan palms are moderately drought tolerant and watering can be reduced. The key is to feed and water them enough, to get them to grow reasonably fast (left to their own devices, they grow slowly) and, more importantly, remove all leaves that are less than perfect. Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones 8b to 11 / H4 - hardy to about -10°C (14°F). Join Chamaerops humilis - Mediterranean fan palm |The Palm Centre European fan palms grow with a multi-trunk growth habit but can be trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers that grow from the base of the main trunk. They are characterized by large (up to 18-24 in. When growing European fan palms in containers ensure that they dry out thoroughly between waterings. available, ranging from the dwarf Mediterranean Fan palm to the massive Canary Island Date palm. Potting and Repotting. 1-1.5 metres, Time to ultimate height Best used for: Landscaping, wind break, screening, hedging, ornamental, or as a large pot plant. The tropical palm has fan-shaped leaves that can grow up to 6 ft. (2 m) long. It prefers dappled light and rich, loose potting mix. However, it can be easily trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers. In time they may We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Houseplant care: Chamaerops humilis is probably the best palm to grow in a container where it can survive drought, heat, wind, cold and long periods of neglect. Chinese Fan Palm (Fountain Palm) Plant Profie, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper. European fan palms also tolerate poor soils well. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Mediterranean dwarf palm. Cold temperatures, wind and drought won’t phase it. This palm grows from multiple bush-like clumps with upright, deep green fronds that split into fan-like sections. This European native thrives in sunny, warm daytime temperatures and cool evening temperatures. Until the roots of a European fan palm are well-established, it should be watered regularly. Plant Details. Transform your garden into a tropical paradise with this fantastically exotic Fan Palm! However, keep an eye out for common pests and diseases like mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and leaf spot. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. Landscape uses of this palm tree: Dwarf palmetto palms are native to Florida. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b Comments and Curiosities. When in growth water moderately and feed with a balanced fertiliser once a month. The "Mediterranean Fan Palm," as it's often called, is a multi-trunk palm yet it stays very compact and won't outgrow a small area. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. Common Name: Lady Palm. European fan palms do well when grown in containers - whether they are kept indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in a container garden. C. humilis is a bushy evergreen palm making a medium-sized shrub, often stemless or multi-stemmed, with a rounded mass of fan-shaped leaves to 45cm in length. The leaves are divided into five to 12 blunt-ended pieces and its stems are clothed in a brown fibrous sheath like hessian. The Dwarf Mediterranean Fan Palm is a selected form of Chamaerops humilis that originated in Sicily that is dwarf in many of its features: slower growing, shorter in stature, with smaller stiffer leaves. European Fan Palm Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Chamaerops Humilis” ... Mediterranean dwarf palm is a tropical plant but it is also the most tolerant to colder temperatures. It is one of the best dwarf palm variety with narrow green fronds. Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits . Chamaerops is a genus of flowering plants in the family Arecaceae.The only currently fully accepted species is Chamaerops humilis, variously called European fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm.It is one of the most cold-hardy palms and is used in landscaping in temperate climates. Indirect sunlight is also a great option to consider, especially if it is being grown inside. Planting the palm in a big enough pot for its root system should eliminate the need to repot, unless the soil is depleted or it outgrows its pot. Chamaerops humilis is a small and bushy palm with stiff fan-shaped leaves developing in time a coarse hairy trunk. The Licuala grandis is a truly out of the ordinary palm.It's beauty is deraigned from it's magnificient fan-like fronds, which dominate the palm at it's early age. Trachycarpus: T.fortunei, the chusan or Chinese windmill palm, a single hairy-trunked palm with distinctive fan-shaped fronds in whorls. European fan palms are not prone to any serious pests or diseases. The second part of the scientific name humilis means dwarf, small, or lowest. However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. If the room during winter has the central heating switched on high, mist the leaves. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Bring a bit of the tropics to your garden, even in a cooler climate, with the Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis). Botanic Name: Rhapis excelsa. If you are growing a European fan palm as a houseplant, keep repotting to a minimum - every 2-3 years should be sufficient. This palm responds favorably to frequent, light fertilization. Care tips. The European Fan Palm is also known as Mediterranean Fan Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, and Palmito. The leaves can also be misted during the summer. Water sparingly in winter, Propagation Warm, sunny days and cool nights are the ideal conditions for European fan palms. European fan palms thrive in full sun, but can tolerate part shade as well. This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one’s house to grow well. They belong to the family of Arecaceae or Palmae. Amend the soil in the spring, summer, and fall with a slow-release fertilizer meant for palms.Â. Water Req: Moderate. False smut may attack leaves. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Being a cold-hardy Florida palm, the dwarf palmetto can survive temperatures as low as 0°F (-18°C). suppliers. Fertilize with a slow-release palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. Several of the palms described in this publication are unavailable or nearly so in Arizona. However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. The numerous stiff fan shaped fingered fronds tightly … Like most palms, a Chinese fan palm growing in a container doesn’t need to be repotted often, since growing in a pot greatly slows its growth. Dwarf Fan Palm, European fan palm, Hair Palm, Mediterranean Fan Palm: Family: Arecaceae or Palmae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Nutritionally poor, dry sandy or rocky soils on mountain slopes to 1000 metres[50, 89, 166, 200]. Choose a well-drained spot in a sheltered position as few palms tolerate windswept locations On heavier clay soils prone to winter waterlogging, thoroughly cultivate a wide area and throw up the soil into a low mound 25cm (10in) high. Among the hardiest palms, Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) is a bushy evergreen palm forming a medium-sized rounded shrub or a small tree. Propagation: Propagated from seeds, the European fan palm needs temperatures of 80ºF (27ºC) which makes them difficult for the average grower to propagate. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. 020 3176 5800 Cold Tolerance: USDA Zones 8 (10F to 15F) to 11 (above 40 F). In colder regions, they can be kept outside during the warm summer months and overwintered indoors. Read More Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. Fan palm tree needs proper care in order to grow well. It’s one of only two palms native to Europe and copes happily with British weather. Position: Full sun. Life Cycle / Plant Type: … The Chinese fan palm is a plant that needs a lot of sunlight to grow. If you find the fan type palms look appealing then this one is a good option to consider. Choose a location that is far away from high-traffic areas as European fan palms have spines that run up and down their trunks which can be painful to the touch. Propagate by seed or suckers, Suggested planting locations and garden types European fan palms are slow-growing, hardy palms that grow to form a medium-sized shrub or small tree. Arecaceae, Genus In extreme heat, it may need to be watered as often as once a week to help roots establish. How to Plant a Mediterranean Fan Palm. 20-50 years, Cultivation They are able to adapt to varying textures ( loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). Watering: Water regularly during growing season. These trees are native to arid areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and northwestern Mexico, depending on the species. The Mediterranean fan palm is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions (clay, loam or sand texture, slightly acidic to highly alkaline soil pH), which is further testament to its hardiness. Australian Dwarf Fan Palm (livistona muelleri) – Orderly and ornamental, Muelleri is considered a solitary trunked palm with a maximum height around 30 feet at full maturity and ringed with distinctive sheath scars. The Chinese fan palm prefers temperatures that are warm and betwee… Chamaerops humilis (also known as the Dwarf Fan Palm) are the palms you will see growing all across the Mediterranean - and if ever there was a plant to give your garden a holiday feel, then this is it ! Hardiness: Frost hardy down to -9°C (mature plants can tolerate even lower temperatures). Rarely grows higher than 5 – 10 ft tall and 1-5 ft wide. Plant in mid-spring to allow time for the palm to establish before winter. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. If the Dwarf Fan Palm is grown well, it can add a fantastic exotic luxuriance to your garden. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. As to be expected, European fan palms thrive in coastal conditions. Scientific Name: Chamaerops humilis Common Name (s): European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, Zwergpalme. The hardy dwarf palm tree thrives in hot, humid conditions but is also cold tolerant to 0°F (-18°C). Light Req: Full sun to partial shade. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Water your palm regularly for its first two years in the ground to allow it to get established. They have been included because they have the potential to broaden the landscape versatility of this important plant group. W & C Mediterranean, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Soil. The short palm usually has a growth habit of up to 3 ft. (1 m) high. Palm trees are evergreen, tropical, and unique flowering plants. They are able to adapt to varying textures (loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). About Dwarf Fan Palm - Chamaerops humilis. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. For this reason, European fan palms are frequently used to add a tropical flair to temperature landscapes. Allow the soil to dry between waterings and then soak thoroughly. Growing and Care Guide. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures! However, as one of the most adaptable species of palms they can withstand both extreme heat and extreme cold. Growth Rate: Slow. The dwarf fan palm is a plant that looks tropical but is perfectly ok with non-tropical conditions. If you live in an ice-cold location but want a touch of spring all year long, then the European palm plant is made just for you. Washingtonia: W. filifera, cotton palm, growing to 15m; W.robusta, skyduster, grows to 25m. Range: Europe - Mediterranean. When planting European fan palms outdoors, ensure that the palms are spaced at least 3-4 feet apart. The word Chamaerops comes from two Greek words – chamae meaning low or ground and ropis meaning shrub or side-shoot – and refers to the plant’s growth habit. They also have exceptional wind and drought tolerance. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. Keep the seeds consistently moist until they germinate, which can take several weeks. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. Spend £250 get 2.5% Discount, £500 get 5% Discount, £1000 get 10% Discount, £4000 Get 15% Discount It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Extremely tolerant of cold, and suitable for growing in cooler climates. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. These palms have petioles armed with upward-pointing spines along the margin; use extreme caution when handling them. Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits, Details dwarf fan palm European fan palm, Family They also grow well as houseplants, adapting easily to indoor conditions. They are cold hardy to ar… Do not overwater. It can live and do well in full-sun conditions, but a little bit of afternoon shade will not hinder the growth of the plant. European fan palms are happy in average outdoor humidity but may require extra humidity when grown indoors.Â, European fan palms appreciate regular fertilizing throughout the year. Indoors the Lady palm can grow up to 14ft tall. City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Patio & Container Plants Architectural, Pests glasshouse red spider mite may be a problem under glass, Diseases Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. These can grow up to 2-7 ft high and grow much slower than many other palms. In regions with harsh winter conditions, European fan palms can be easily overwintered indoors. Short rigid panicles of small yellow flowers are borne on mature plants only, Plant range Cool air, but not cold drafts is good for the palm. Growing a dwarf palm is fairly easy, and it provides a nice anchor in the garden, especially small spaces. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Grow under glass or as a houseplant in a loam-based compost in bright, indirect light. 1.5-2.5 metres, Ultimate spread Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries The diminutive European fan palm is silver-green, slow-growing and one of the most easy-care, cold hardy palms for South Florida. Ensure you choose a location where your European fan palm receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. Pruning of browning palm fronds is important to keep the plant healthy. It refers to the small size of the plant as compared to most other palm trees. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. This attractive palm develops suckers from the base of the trunk providing very dense foliage down to soil level so it is an excellent screening plant and if container grown it … long), blue-green fan-shaped leaves that are divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments. The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius).